FICO - Your Credit Score
Since we live in an automated world, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage loan boils down to just one number.
Credit reporting agencies use your history of paying loans to create this score.
Each of the three credit reporting agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. The original FICO model was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, each agency uses the following to determine your credit score:
- Your Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- Late Payments - Do you pay your bills on time?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you have, and how much do you owe?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. The result is one number. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher scores are better. Most home buyers will probably find their scores above 620.
Your credit score greatly affects your monthly payment
Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Raising your FICO score
Is it possible to raise your credit score? Because the FICO score is based on your lifelong credit history, it's very difficult to change it quickly. (Of course you must remove incorrect data on your credit report.)
Getting your FICO score
To improve your credit score, you must obtain the reports that the agencies use to build it. Of course, you need the score as well. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as reports from all three reporting agencies. They also provide information and online tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report every year from the three major agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Now that you have all the facts, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the most favorable mortgage.
Want to know more about credit scores? Give us a call: (610) 889-7467.